What is knee pain?
Knee pain is any pain that occurs in and around the knee joint as a result of overusing the knee or even injuring it. It is the most common musculoskeletal problem that affects people of all ages, especially in the elderly and those who play a lot of sports (football, netball, skiing).
What are the symptoms of knee pain?
- Swelling and stiffness (inability to bend or straighten the knee(s)
- Skin looks red and feels warm to the touch
- Popping, crunching or some other abnormal noises can be heard when moving the knee(s)
- Weakness or instability in the knee(s)
- Limping due to discomfort
What causes knee pain?
Sprains or strains
in the ligament and muscle tissue normally caused by blunt trauma, twisted in the wrong direction or a sudden increase in activity level
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury
which is the tearing of ACL, one of the four ligaments that connects the shinbone to the thighbone and it’s a common injury for people who play sports that require sudden changes in direction (football, basketball, netball)
which are rubbery pads that act as shock absorbers for the upper and lower leg bones at the knee joint
Osteoarthritis at the knee
where the cartilage in the knee deteriorates with use and age
which is an inflammation in the tendons of the knees due to overusing it and can be contributed by excessive jumping activities (basketball, volleyball)
Bursitis (housemaid’s knees)
which is caused by kneeling for long periods of time or repetitive knee movements
Simple treatments for knee pain
Exercise to strengthen the knee and relieve pain
(walking and swimming, NOT running and jumping)
Get enough rest and relaxation
(learn stress relief techniques such as meditation or deep breathing)
(warm showers, heating pad, hot compresses) to the painful area if the injury has been more than a week
Keep your legs in an elevated position
to reduce swelling and pain
Try some home remedies
When to seek medical care?
- Inability to stand
- Experiencing a fever accompanied by noticeable swelling, redness and pain
- Deformity in the leg or knee
- Numbness in the affected leg (knee feels like giving out)