Knee Pain

Malaysia Well Known Physiotherapy

What is knee pain?

Knee pain is any pain that occurs in and around the knee joint as a result of overusing the knee or even injuring it. It is the most common musculoskeletal problem that affects people of all ages, especially in the elderly and those who play a lot of sports (football, netball, skiing).

What are the symptoms of knee pain?

  • Swelling and stiffness (inability to bend or straighten the knee(s)
  • Skin looks red and feels warm to the touch
  • Popping, crunching or some other abnormal noises can be heard when moving the knee(s)
  • Weakness or instability in the knee(s)
  • Limping due to discomfort

What causes knee pain?

  • Sprains or strains
    in the ligament and muscle tissue normally caused by blunt trauma, twisted in the wrong direction or a sudden increase in activity level
  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury
    which is the tearing of ACL, one of the four ligaments that connects the shinbone to the thighbone and it’s a common injury for people who play sports that require sudden changes in direction (football, basketball, netball)
  • Damaged meniscus
    which are rubbery pads that act as shock absorbers for the upper and lower leg bones at the knee joint
  • Osteoarthritis at the knee
    where the cartilage in the knee deteriorates with use and age
  • Tendonitis
    which is an inflammation in the tendons of the knees due to overusing it and can be contributed by excessive jumping activities (basketball, volleyball)
  • Bursitis (housemaid’s knees)
    which is caused by kneeling for long periods of time or repetitive knee movements

Simple treatments for knee pain

  • Exercise to strengthen the knee and relieve pain
    (walking and swimming, NOT running and jumping)
  • Get enough rest and relaxation
    (learn stress relief techniques such as meditation or deep breathing)
  • Apply heat
    (warm showers, heating pad, hot compresses) to the painful area if the injury has been more than a week
  • Keep your legs in an elevated position
    to reduce swelling and pain
  • Try some home remedies

When to seek medical care?

  • Inability to stand
  • Experiencing a fever accompanied by noticeable swelling, redness and pain
  • Deformity in the leg or knee
  • Numbness in the affected leg (knee feels like giving out)